APIs have become the center of software development, connecting and transferring data and logic across disparate systems and applications. Luckily, testing them can greatly improve the efficiency of your testing strategy as a whole, helping you deliver software faster than ever.
What is API Testing?
API testing entails testing application programming interfaces (APIs) directly and as part of integration testing to evaluate if they fulfill expectations for functionality, dependability, performance, and security. API testing is done at the message layer since APIs lack a graphical user interface. API testing is crucial for automated testing because APIs are increasingly the primary interface to application logic and because GUI tests are challenging to maintain with the short release cycles and frequent changes common in Agile software development and DevOps.
When you release a new version of the system (for example, by changing some of the business components or internal data structures), you must have a quick, easy-to-run set of API regression tests to ensure that the internal changes did not break the API interfaces and that the client applications that rely on the APIs continue to function as before.
Why is API Testing Important Now?
The shift to cloud computing has underlined the significance of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). API testing is becoming increasingly important as the number of cloud applications and connectivity platforms grows. Many of the services we use every day rely on hundreds of various interrelated APIs; if any of them fails, the service will not function.
API Testing Approach
API testing is identical to testing any other software, except that you must think more technically. Unlike GUI-based systems, there are no text fields or buttons to test; instead, you must simply hit the backend calls that are made when a user does an action. Since APIs facilitate system integration and communication, it's critical to examine each system endpoint where an API call can have an effect.
In order to adequately test an API, the tester must first define the API's functional scope. Following that, the test environment should be properly configured with servers, databases, and all resources with which the API interacts.
Web Service Testing
A Web service is a controlled code unit that can be remotely summoned via HTTP, that is, it can be enabled using HTTP queries. As a result, Web Services enables you to expose the functionality of your current code across the network. Other applications can utilize the functionality of your programme once it is available on the network.
There are two broad classes of web services:
Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
Representational State Transfer (REST)